Cataracts occur when a normally clear lens becomes cloudy. They can occur in various sizes and opacities in the lens area and can vary on how much it affects the vision. Cataracts are most common in people aged 40 years and older; however, a small number of children can also be born with them. This is referred to as congenital.
How are cataracts formed?
Behind the pupil and iris, we have a thin lens that controls our vision. The lens focuses on what we look at, monitors the amount of light that is let in, and controls our near and far vision as we look around at different things. When we get older, protein begins to cling around the lens, making it cloudy. This makes it difficult for the eye to focus and see properly. Over time, cataracts become larger and affect the eye’s vision even more.
It is important to get eye exams done regularly, as there are available procedures that can be considered when cataracts have been detected. Cataract surgery can be performed for nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism. Another option that individuals could consider is a refractive lens implant. This procedure allows individuals to see without needing contact lenses and glasses. At BoydVision, we can help you by discussing what the best options are for you. Here are the four stages that cataracts develop as they get larger.
The four stages of cataracts
- Early cataract: The lens is clear; however, you may experience blurry and cloudy vision, as well as glare from lights. Your eyes may also feel strained, and the vision’s focus on near and far sight may be difficult.
- Immature cataract: At this stage, the lens has started to become cloudy in the middle and slightly opaque. Your ophthalmologist may recommend that you get new glasses with antiglare lenses or consider refractive lens implant.
- Mature cataract: The lens is more opaque and may appear amber. The cataract may have spread to the outer edges of the lens, and your vision would have been affected more. We would be happy to speak with you and discuss your options. We may recommend cataract surgery to replace your lens with an artificial one to help you see clearly.
- Hypermature cataract: The cataract may have become dense and hardened. At this stage, vision may be affected significantly. It is recommended that hypermature cataracts get treated, as the eye could become inflamed, causing glaucoma.
Getting regular eye exams done is recommended so that eye problems can be detected at their earliest stage. Your eye doctor can help you correct your vision, as well as recommend procedures as soon as something is detected.
Schedule an appointment today
Do you have questions about cataract eye surgery? At BoydVision, we can discuss your options and help you decide the best solutions for your eye health. Contact BoydVision to book your cataract eye surgery consultation today, and we would be happy to help!